What is the Solar System?

February 19, 2017

Solar System Components

For this article, Solar systems will pertain to the advanced systems of technology (that convert solar energy into a renewable energy source) that take a lot more than just the solar panel that we are all familiar with. Every homeowner that has chosen to go solar will eventually have to acquaint themselves with the components that make up their new solar power system – but what are they? If you happened to be in the closest solar system(good your already there), and you have a solar power system kit you can capitalize on this new trend of renewable solar energy.

As seen in the article portrait, the solar power system components are listed below.

The Solar Panel(s)

This is the most commonly recognized component of the solar system, as it is the main panel that captures the sun’s energy and converts it into electricity for the system.  The typical panel is made out of silicon cells. There are a variety of panels that you can choose from such as mono-crystalline panels, polycrystalline panels, and amorphous silicon thin film panels. Typically a solar panel system won’t contain just one panel, there will be multiple panels forming a Solar Array. This solar array will trap more solar energy and send it to the Solar Inverter.

The Solar Inverter

The solar inverter is what converts energy that is stored in a battery to the voltage that is required to run standard electrical equipment. It is a critical piece of equipment in any solar system as without it you will not be able to use the power from the batteries for your average household appliances. Ironically the name does the description justice.

The Solar Controller

The solar controller is what protects the batteries by regulating the flow of electricity. It is usually mounted onto a wall or other surface with a digital screen that reports the flow that is being regulated for the battery. This device manages the power going into the battery bank from the solar array.  It ensures that the deep cycle batteries are not overcharged during the day, and that the power doesn’t run backwards to the solar panels overnight and drain the batteries. Some charge controllers are available with additional capabilities, like lighting and load control, but managing the power is its primary job.

The Solar Batteries

The solar battery is arguably the most integral part of the solar system, its purpose is to store the actual electricity that is being produced for later usage. These are best stored in a cool and dry place as the coolness slows down the chemical process within the battery and prolongs the life of it. Solar Batteries power back-up generators, that typically are not connected to the public utility.  These batteries can however be connected to public utility, and can used to “sell” power back to the regional power facility. The idea of a functional solar power system is that it can ideally power your home and outweigh its original money investment.